GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES

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Geotechnological Engineering: Principles and Practices, 2/e, is right or junior-level soil mechanics or introductory geotechnological engineering courses. This introductory geotechnical design textbook explores both the principles of soil mechanics and their application to engineering practice. It offers a rigorous, yet obtainable and also easy-to-review strategy, and also technical depth and also an emphasis on expertise the physical basis for soil actions. The second edition has actually been revised to include updated content and also many type of new difficulties and also exercises, and also to reflect feedearlier from reviewers and the authors’ own experiences.

Sample inquiries asked in the second edition of Geotechnical Engineering:

A particular 20-m thick sandy confined aquifer has actually a hydraulic conductivity of 2.4 × 10 -2 cm/s and a void proportion of 0.91. Groundwater is flowing via this aquifer through a hydraulic gradient of 0.0065. How much time would certainly be forced for water to take a trip 1 kilometres with this aquifer?

The soil profile at a certain site contains an 8.5-m thick stratum of saturated normally consolidated tool silty clay. This soil has actually a unit weight of 16.4 kN/M 3 . A remote reading negotiation plate has been set up a short distance below the natural ground surconfront and a remote reading piezometer has been set up at the midpoint of the silty clay. The initial readings from these tools indicate a ground surchallenge elevation of 7.32 m and a pore water press of 52 kPa. The initial vertical efficient tension at the peak of the silty clay stratum was 50 kPa. Then a 2.1-m deep fill through a unit weight of 18.7 kN/m 3 was put on this site. A second set of readings made 220 days after placement of this fill suggest an elevation of 6.78 m and also a pore water pressure of 77 kPa. Assuming all of the various other soil strata are incompressible, and single drainage problems exist in the silty clay, compute the values of C c /(1 ± e 0 ) and also c v , then build a plot of consolidation negotiation versus time. This plot must extend from U = 0% to U = 95%. Finally, note the point on this plot that represents the conditions current once the second set of readings was made.

A particular sandy soil has a full unit weight of 118 lb/ft 3 . What is the vertical normal stress, ? z , at a allude 15 ft below the ground surface?


Preface

x

Acknowledgments

xii

Notation & Units of Measurement

xiii

Review to Geotechnological Engineering

1(27)

Geotechnical Engineering Deauthorize Process

2(2)

Historical Development

4(10)

Modern Geotechnological Engineering

14(2)

Accuracy of Geotechnical Engineering Analyses

16(1)

A Pictorial Rundown of Geotechnical Engineering

16(12)

Engineering Geology

28(36)

The Geologic Cycle

29(1)

Rocks

30(5)

Rock-forming Minerals

35(2)

Structural Geology

37(6)

Weathering

43(2)

Soil Formation, Transport, and Deposition

45(11)

Rock and Soil as Geomaterials

56(8)

Summary

59(2)

Questions and also Practice Problems

61(3)

Site Exploration and also Characterization

64(57)

Project Assessment

65(1)

Literature Search

66(1)

Remote Sensing

67(2)

Field Reconnaissance and Surface Exploration

69(1)

Subsurconfront Exploration

69(13)

Soil and also Rock Sampling

82(5)

Groundwater Exploration and Monitoring

87(1)

Ex Situ Testing

88(1)

In Situ Testing

89(17)

Geophysical Exploration

106(2)

Synthesis and Interpretation

108(4)

Economics

112(1)

Geotechnological Monitoring Throughout Construction

113(8)

Summary

113(2)

Questions and also Practice Problems

115(6)

Soil Composition

121(43)

Soil as a Particulate Material

122(1)

The three Phases

122(2)

Weight-Volume Relationships

124(14)

Pwrite-up Size and also Shape

138(10)

Clay Soils

148(3)

Plasticity and also the Atterberg Limits

151(4)

Structured Versus Unstructured Soils

155(1)

Organic Soils

156(8)

Summary

157(1)

Questions and Practice Problems

158(6)

Soil Classification

164(26)

USDA Soil classification System

164(3)

AASHTO Soil Category System

167(4)

Unified Soil Category System (USCS)

171(9)

Visual-Manual Soil Classification

180(2)

Supplemental Soil Classifications

182(3)

Applicability and also Limitations

185(5)

Summary

186(1)

Questions and Practice Problems

187(3)

Excavation, Grading, and Compacted Fill

190(61)

Earthwork-related Construction Objectives

192(1)

Construction Methods and also Equipment

193(20)

Soil Compaction Concepts

213(2)

Soil Compaction Standards and also Specifications

215(12)

Field Considerations and also Monitoring

227(8)

Suitcapacity of Soils for Use as Compacted Fill

235(2)

Earthwork-related Quantity Computations

237(4)

Lightweight Fills

241(2)

Deep Fills

243(8)

Summary

244(1)

Questions and also Practice Problems

245(6)

Groundwater---Fundamentals and also One-Dimensional Flow

251(44)

Hydrology

252(3)

Principles of Fluid Mechanics

255(13)

One-Dimensional Flow Thturbulent Soil

268(16)

Flow Thunstable Anisotropic Soils

284(11)

Summary

287(1)

Questions and Practice Problems

288(7)

Groundwater---Multidimensional Flow and also Applications

295(66)

Multidimensional Flow

295(3)

Flow Net Equipment for Two-Dimensional Flow

298(18)

Numerical and Physical Modeling of Two-Dimensional Flow

316(4)

Two-and Three-Dimensional Flow to Wells

320(9)

Groundwater Control

329(8)

Contaminant Control and Remediation

337(4)

Soil Migration and Filtration

341(20)

Summary

350(2)

Questions and also Practice Problems

352(9)

Stress

361(58)

Simplifying Assumptions

362(1)

Mechanics of Materials Review

363(5)

Mohr Circle Analyses

368(10)

Sources of Stress in the Ground

378(1)

Geostatic Stresses

378(1)

Induced Stresses

378(14)

Superposition

392(3)

Effective Stresses

395(10)

Effective Stress Under Steady State Flow

405(3)

Stresses in Layered Strata

408(11)

Summary

409(1)

Questions and also Practice Problems

410(9)

Compressibility and Settlement

419(59)

Physical Processes

422(1)

Changes in vertical Effective Stress

423(3)

Distortion Settlement

426(1)

Consolidation Settlement---Physical Processes

427(5)

Consolidation (Oedometer) Test

432(12)

Consolidation Status in the Field

444(2)

Compressibility of Sands and also Gravels

446(2)

Consolidation Settlement Predictions

448(13)

Secondary Compression Settlement

461(2)

Crusts

463(1)

Settlement of Unsaturated Soils

463(1)

Heave Due to Unloading

464(1)

Accuracy of Settlement Predictions

464(14)

Summary

465(2)

Questions and also Practice Problems

467(11)

Rate of Consolidation

478(49)

Terzaghi's Theory of Consolidation

478(11)

Consolidation Settlement Versus Time Computations

489(10)

The Coeffective of Consolidation, cv

499(5)

Accuracy of Settlement Rate Predictions

504(2)

Consolidation Monitoring

506(6)

Other Sources of Time Dependent Settlement

512(2)

Methods of Accelerating Settlements

514(13)

Summary

518(2)

Questions and also Practice Problems

520(7)

Soil Strength

527(66)

Strength Analyses in Geotechnical Engineering

527(2)

Shear Faitempt in Soils

529(7)

The Drained and the Undrained Conditions

536(3)

Mohr---Coulomb Faientice Criterion

539(6)

Shear Strength of Saturated Sands and also Gravels

545(5)

Shear Strength of Saturated Clays

550(13)

Shear Strength of Saturated Intermediate Soils

563(1)

Shear Strength of unsaturated Soils

564(1)

Shear Strength Evaluation

564(19)

Shear Strength at Interfaces Between Soil and also Other Materials

583(1)

Uncertainties in Shear Strength Assessments

584(9)

Summary

585(2)

Questions and Practice Problems

587(6)

Stability of Earth Slopes

593(62)

Terminology

595(2)

Modes of Slope Instability

597(7)

Analysis of Slope Stability

604(1)

Quantitative Analysis of Slides

605(1)

General Procedures in a Limit Equilibrium Analysis of a Slide

606(2)

Planar Faientice Analysis

608(3)

Infinite Slope Analysis

611(2)

Swedish Slip Circle Method (Ø=0 Analysis)

613(5)

Method of Slices

618(9)

Chart Solutions

627(2)

Miscellaneous Issues

629(2)

Seismic Stability

631(5)

Stabilization Measures

636(7)

Instrumentation

643(12)

Summary

648(1)

Questions and Practice Problems

649(6)

Foundations

655(18)

Shallow Foundations

656(2)

Deep Foundations

658(15)

Summary

671(2)

Spread Footing Design

673(36)

Bearing Pressure

673(2)

Bearing Capacity

675(10)

Settlement

685(13)

Spcheck out Footings---Synopsis and Design Concerns

698(11)

Summary

703(1)

Questions and also Practice Problems

704(5)

Planet Retaining Structures

709(11)

Externally Stabilized Systems

709(5)

Internally Stabilized Systems

714(3)

Design of Earth Retaining Structures

717(3)

Summary

719(1)

Lateral Planet Pressures

720(31)

Lateral Earth Pressures and also Wall Movement

720(6)

Classical Lateral Planet Prescertain Theories

726(16)

Equivalent Fluid Pressure

742(2)

Groundwater Effects

744(7)

Summary

747(1)

Questions and also Practice Problems

748(3)

Appendix A Finite Difference Solutions to Flow Problems

751(14)

Appendix B Recommfinished Resources for Further Study (regarded virtual at www.pearsonhighered.com/Coduto)

Appendix C Field Identification of Soils (perceived online at www.pearsonhighered.com/Coduto)