College physics 11th edition pdf

PDF 2017 – ISBN: 1305952308 – College Physics, 11th Edition By Raymond A. Sermethod, Chris Vuille # 5414

| 2017 | PDF | 958 pages | 45 MB

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This updated Eleventh Edition of COLLEGE PHYSICS helps students master physical principles, enhance their problem-fixing skills, and also enwell-off their expertise of the world around them. Serway/Vuille provides a continual problem-resolving strategy and also an unmatched range of worked examples to assist students construct a true understanding of physics. Supported by WebAssign, Interenergetic Video Vignettes, discovering tools, and also applications, this edition is amplified by a streamlined presentation, brand-new conceptual inquiries, brand-new techniques, and hundreds of brand-new and also revised troubles.

 

 

Part 1 Mechanics

topic 1 Units, trigonometry, and Vectors 1

topic 2 Motion in One Dimension 31

topic 3 Motion in two Dimensions 59

topic 4 Newton’s Laws of Motion 80

topic 5 Energy 121

topic 6 Momentum, Impulse, and also Collisions 161

topic 7 rotational Motion and Gravitation 190

topic 8 rotational Equilibrium and also Dynamics 224

topic 9 Fluids and Solids 267

 

 

Part 2 thermodynamics

topic 10 thermal Physics 320

topic 11 Energy in thermal Processes 349

topic 12 the Laws of thermodynamics 382

 

 

Part 3 Vibrations and also Waves

topic 13 Vibrations and also Waves 423 topic 14 Sound 457

 

 

Part 4 Electricity and also Magnetism

topic 15 Electric Forces and Fields 495

topic 16 Electrical Energy and also Capacitance 527

topic 17 Current and resistance 566

topic 18 Direct-Current Circuits 590

topic 19 Magnetism 620

topic 20 Induced Voltperiods and also Inductance 656

topic 21 alternating- Current Circuits and

Electromagnetic Waves 688

 

 

Part 5 Light and also Optics

topic 22 reflection and refractivity of Light 723

topic 23 Mirrors and Lenses 750

topic 24 Wave Optics 782

topic 25 Optical Instruments 814

 

 

Part 6 Modern Physics

topic 26 relativity 838

topic 27 Quantum Physics 864

topic 28 atomic Physics 886

topic 29 Nuclear Physics 908

topic 30 Nuclear Energy and also Elementary Pshort articles 932

aPPENDIX a: Mathematics evaluation a.1

aPPENDIX B: an abbreviated table of Isotopes a.14

aPPENDIX C: Some Useful tables a.19

aPPENDIX D: SI Units a.21

aNSWErS: Quick Quizzes, Example Questions, and

Odd-Numbered Conceptual Questions and Problems a.23

 

Index I.1

Materials overview

v

Contents

About the Authors viii

PrefAce ix

engAging APPlicAtions xxi

McAt test PrePArAtion overview xxiii

 

Part 1 Mechanics

topic 1 Units, trigonometry, and Vectors 1

1.1 Standards of Length, Mass, and also Time 1

1.2 The Building Blocks of Matter 3

1.3 Dimensional Analysis 4

1.4 Skepticism in Measurement and also Huge Figures 6

1.5 Unit Conversions for Physical Quantities 9

1.6 Estimates and also Order-of-Magnitude Calculations 11

1.7 Coordinate Systems 13

1.8 Trigonomeattempt Review 14

1.9 Vectors 16

1.10 Components of a Vector 18

1.11 Problem-Solving Strategy 22

Summary 24

topic 2 Motion in One Dimension 31

2.1 Displacement, Velocity, and also Acceleration 31

2.2 Motion Diagrams 41

2.3 One-Dimensional Motion via Constant Acceleration 42

2.4 Freely Falling Objects 48

Outline 53

topic 3 Motion in two Dimensions 59

3.1 Displacement, Velocity, and Acceleration in Two Dimensions 59

3.2 Two-Dimensional Motion 61

3.3 Relative Velocity 69

Rundown 73

topic 4 Newton’s Laws of Motion 80

4.1 Forces 80

4.2 The Laws of Motion 82

4.3 The Normal and also Kinetic Friction Forces 92

4.4 Static Friction Forces 96

4.5 Tension Forces 98

4.6 Applications of Newton’s Laws 100

4.7 Two-Body Problems 106

Overview 111

topic 5 Energy 121

5.1 Work 121

5.2 Kinetic Energy and the Work–Energy Theorem 126

5.3 Gravitational Potential Energy 129

5.4 Gravity and Nonconservative Forces 135

5.5 Spring Potential Energy 137

5.6 Solution and Energy Conservation 142

5.7 Power 144

5.8 Work Done by a Varying Force 149

Synopsis 151

topic 6 Momentum, Impulse, and also Collisions 161

6.1 Momentum and also Impulse 161

6.2 Conservation of Momentum 166

6.3 Collisions in One Dimension 169

6.4 Glancing Collisions 176

6.5 Rocket Propulsion 178

Outline 181

topic 7 rotational Motion and Gravitation 190

7.1 Angular Velocity and Angular Acceleration 190

7.2 Rotational Motion Under Constant Angular Acceleration 194

7.3 Tangential Velocity, Tangential Acceleration, and also Centripetal

Acceleration 195

7.4 Newton’s 2nd Law for Unidevelop Circular Motion 201

7.5 Newtonian Gravitation 206

Rundown 215

topic 8 rotational Equilibrium and Dynamics 224

8.1 Torque 224

8.2 Center of Mass and also Its Motion 228

8.3 Torque and the Two Conditions for Equilibrium 234

8.4 The Rotational Second Law of Motion 238

8.5 Rotational Kinetic Energy 246

8.6 Angular Momentum 249

Rundown 253

topic 9 Fluids and also Solids 267

9.1 States of Matter 267

9.2 Density and also Pressure 268

9.3 Variation of Pressure through Depth 272

9.4 Prescertain Measurements 276

9.5 Buoyant Forces and also Archimedes’ Principle 277

9.6 Fluids in Motion 283

9.7 Other Applications of Fluid Dynamics 289

9.8 Surconfront Tension, Capillary Action, and Viscous Fluid Flow 292

9.9 Transport Phenomena 300

9.10 The Deformation of Solids 304

Outline 310

Part 2 thermodynamics

topic 10 thermal Physics 320

10.1 Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics 320

10.2 Thermometers and also Temperature Scales 321

10.3 Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids 326

10.4 The Ideal Gas Law 332

10.5 The Kinetic Theory of Gases 337

Outline 343

topic 11 Energy in thermal Processes 349

11.1 Heat and Internal Energy 349

11.2 Specific Heat 351

11.3 Calorimetry 353

11.4 Latent Heat and Phase Change 355

11.5 Energy Transfer 361

11.6 Climate Change and Greenhouse Gases 372

Outline 374

topic 12 the Laws of thermodynamics 382

12.1 Work in Thermodynamic Processes 382

12.2 The First Law of Thermodynamics 386

12.3 Thermal Processes in Gases 389

vi Contents

17.4 Resistance, Resistivity, and Ohm’s Law 572

17.5 Temperature Variation of Resistance 576

17.6 Electrical Energy and also Power 577

17.7 Superconductors 580

17.8 Electrical Activity in the Heart 582

Rundown 585

topic 18 Direct-Current Circuits 590

18.1 Sources of emf 590

18.2 Resistors in Series 591

18.3 Resistors in Parallel 594

18.4 Kirchhoff’s Rules and Complex DC Circuits 599

18.5 RC Circuits 602

18.6 Househost Circuits 606

18.7 Electrical Safety 607

18.8 Conduction of Electrical Signals by Neurons 609

Overview 611

topic 19 Magnetism 620

19.1 Magnets 620

19.2 Earth’s Magnetic Field 622

19.3 Magnetic Fields 624

19.4 Motion of a Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field 627

19.5 Magnetic Force on a Current – Carrying Conductor 629

19.6 Magnetic Torque 632

19.7 Ampère’s Law 635

19.8 Magnetic Force Between Two Parallel Conductors 638

19.9 Magnetic Fields of Current Loops and Solenoids 640

19.10 Magnetic Domains 643

Overview 645

topic 20 Induced Voltages and Inductance 656

20.1 Induced emf and Magnetic Flux 656

20.2 Faraday’s Law of Induction and also Lenz’s Law 659

20.3 Motional emf 665

20.4 Generators 668

20.5 Self-Inductance 672

20.6 RL Circuits 675

20.7 Energy Stored in Magnetic Fields 678

Outline 679

topic 21 alternating-Current Circuits and

Electromagnetic Waves 688

21.1 Resistors in an AC Circuit 688

21.2 Capacitors in an AC Circuit 691

21.3 Inductors in an AC Circuit 693

21.4 The RLC Series Circuit 694

21.5 Power in an AC Circuit 698

21.6 Resonance in a Series RLC Circuit 700

21.7 The Transformer 701

21.8 Maxwell’s Predictions 703

21.9 Hertz’s Confirmation of Maxwell’s Predictions 704

21.10 Production of Electromagnetic Waves by an Antenna 705

21.11 Properties of Electromagnetic Waves 707

21.12 The Spectrum of Electromagnetic Waves 711

21.13 The Doppler Effect for Electromagnetic Waves 714

Synopsis 715

Part 5 Light and also Optics

topic 22 reflection and also refraction of Light 723

22.1 The Nature of Light 723

22.2 Reflection and Refraction 724

22.3 The Law of Refractivity 728

22.4 Dispersion and also Prisms 733

22.5 The Rainbow 736

12.4 Heat Engines and also the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 397

12.5 Entropy 406

12.6 Human Metabolism 412

Summary 415

Part 3 Vibrations and Waves

topic 13 Vibrations and Waves 423

13.1 Hooke’s Law 423

13.2 Elastic Potential Energy 426

13.3 Concepts of Oscillation Rates in Simple Harmonic Motion 431

13.4 Position, Velocity, and also Acceleration as Functions of Time 434

13.5 Motion of a Pendulum 437

13.6 Damped Oscillations 440

13.7 Waves 441

13.8 Frequency, Amplitude, and Wavesize 444

13.9 The Speed of Waves on Strings 445

13.10 Interference of Waves 447

13.11 Reflection of Waves 448

Synopsis 449

topic 14 Sound 457

14.1 Producing a Sound Wave 457

14.2 Characteristics of Sound Waves 458

14.3 The Speed of Sound 459

14.4 Energy and also Intensity of Sound Waves 461

14.5 Spherical and also Plane Waves 464

14.6 The Doppler Effect 466

14.7 Interference of Sound Waves 471

14.8 Standing Waves 473

14.9 Forced Vibrations and also Resonance 477

14.10 Standing Waves in Air Columns 478

14.11 Beats 482

14.12 Quality of Sound 484

14.13 The Ear 485

Summary 487

Part 4 Electricity and also Magnetism

topic 15 Electric Forces and also Fields 495

15.1 Electric Charges, Insulators, and Conductors 495

15.2 Coulomb’s Law 498

15.3 Electric Fields 503

15.4 Electric Field Lines 507

15.5 Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium 510

15.6 The Millikan Oil-Drop Experiment 512

15.7 The Van de Graaff Generator 513

15.8 Electric Flux and also Gauss’ Law 514

Rundown 519

topic 16 Electrical Energy and also Capacitance 527

16.1 Electric Potential Energy and also Electric Potential 527

16.2 Electric Potential and Potential Energy of Point Charges 534

16.3 Potentials, Charged Conductors, and Equipotential Surdeals with 537

16.4 Applications 539

16.5 Capacitors 541

16.6 Combinations of Capacitors 544

16.7 Energy in a Capacitor 550

16.8 Capacitors through Dielectrics 552

Summary 558

topic 17 Current and resistance 566

17.1 Electric Current 566

17.2 A Microscopic View: Current and Drift Speed 569

17.3 Current and Voltage Measurements In Circuits 571

Components vii

27.7 The Wave Function 878

27.8 The Hesitation Principle 879

Synopsis 881

topic 28 atomic Physics 886

28.1 Early Models of the Atom 886

28.2 Atomic Spectra 887

28.3 The Bohr Model 889

28.4 Quantum Mechanics and also the Hydrogen Atom 893

28.5 The Exclusion Principle and also the Periodic Table 897

28.6 Characteristic X-Rays 899

28.7 Atomic Transitions and also Lasers 901

Synopsis 903

topic 29 Nuclear Physics 908

29.1 Some Properties of Nuclei 908

29.2 Binding Energy 911

29.3 Radiotask 912

29.4 The Decay Processes 916

29.5 Natural Radiotask 921

29.6 Nuclear Reactions 922

29.7 Medical Applications of Radiation 924

Rundown 927

topic 30 Nuclear Energy and also Elementary

Pshort articles 932

30.1 Nuclear Fission 932

30.2 Nuclear Fusion 936

30.3 Elementary Pshort articles and also the Fundapsychological Forces 939

30.4 Positrons and also Other Antipshort articles 940

30.5 Classification of Particles 940

30.6 Conservation Laws 942

30.7 The Eightfold Way 945

30.8 Quarks and also Color 945

30.9 Electroweak Theory and the Standard Model 947

30.10 The Cosmic Connection 949

30.11 Unanswered Questions in Cosmology 951

30.12 Problems and Perspectives 953

Synopsis 954

aPPENDIX a: Mathematics evaluation a.1

aPPENDIX B: an abbreviated table

of Isotopes a.14

aPPENDIX C: Some Useful tables a.19

aPPENDIX D: SI Units a.21

answers: Quick Quizzes, Example Questions, and

Odd-Numbered Conceptual Questions

and also Problems a.23

Index I.1

22.6 Huygens’ Principle 736

22.7 Total Internal Reflection 738

Summary 742

topic 23 Mirrors and Lenses 750

23.1 Flat Mirrors 750

23.2 Imeras Formed by Spherical Mirrors 753

23.3 Imeras Formed by Refraction 760

23.4 Atmospheric Refraction 763

23.5 Thin Lenses 764

23.6 Lens and also Mirror Aberrations 772

Summary 773

topic 24 Wave Optics 782

24.1 Conditions for Interference 782

24.2 Young’s Double-Slit Experiment 783

24.3 Change of Phase Due to Reflection 787

24.4 Interference in Thin Films 788

24.5 Using Interference to Read CDs and also DVDs 792

24.6 Diffractivity 793

24.7 Single-Slit Diffractivity 795

24.8 Diffraction Gratings 797

24.9 Polarization of Light Waves 800

Rundown 807

topic 25 Optical Instruments 814

25.1 The Camera 814

25.2 The Eye 815

25.3 The Simple Magnifier 819

25.4 The Compound Microscope 821

25.5 The Telescope 823

25.6 Resolution of Single-Slit and also Circular Apertures 826

25.7 The Michelson Interferometer 830

Summary 832

Part 6 Modern Physics

topic 26 relativity 838

26.1 Galilean Relativity 838

26.2 The Speed of Light 839

26.3 Einstein’s Principle of Relativity 841

26.4 Consequences of Special Relativity 842

26.5 Relativistic Momentum 849

26.6 Relative Velocity in Special Relativity 850

26.7 Relativistic Energy and the Equivalence of Mass and Energy 852

26.8 General Relativity 856

Summary 859

topic 27 Quantum Physics 864

27.1 Blackbody Radiation and Planck’s Hypothesis 864

27.2 The Photoelectric Effect and the Ppost Theory of Light 866

27.3 X – Rays 869

27.4 Diffractivity of X-Rays by Crystals 871

27.5 The Compton Effect 874

27.6 The Dual Nature of Light and Matter 875